GALLIPYR (2008 – 2011)

GALLIPYR is a project part-financed by the ERDF European fund in the framework of the Operational Programme of Territorial Cooperation Spain-France-Andorra (POCTEFA 2007-2013). In this context, GALLIPYR aims to harmonize between 3 States that make up the Pyrenees (Spain-France-Andorra) methods of monitoring and management of 3 species of mountain Galliformes: the western capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), rock ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus) and partridge (Perdix perdix). Actions are taken to promote the return of hazel grouse (Bonasa bonasia), a specie that has disappeared from the Pyrenees resulting pressure from human activity. On the French side of the Pyrenees, methods of monitoring of these populations exist throughout the OGM, the GALLIPYR project will extend and develop this expertise, about mountain Galliformes, between specialists from Spain-France-Andorra, to improve cross-border balance.

Tasks:
The project envisages the creation of a Pyrenean mountain network of Galliformes, with the creation of a data base about Pyrenees and the implementation of measures as regards the habitats and species of Galliformes mountain and in particular:

  • Transversal actions for species: inventories of hazardous cables and close viewing by them; channelling of human displacement in some areas of great strategic value for conservation in order to avoid molesting the species; conducting population monitoring mountain galliformes of a concerted and modelling of habitat suitability in relation to potential abundant models.
  • Specific actions for the Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus): implementation of forest management that promotes habitat determinants areas; implementation of a management guide for the Capercaillie (file management techniques adapted to each type of populations); and to study to assess the influence of terrestrial predators and wild boar on Capercaillie populations.
  • Specific actions for the rock ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus): a program of translocation of individuals with long-term monitoring of participation to the reproduction of birds released; and evaluating the success of reproduction using updated data on the causes of mortality of the rock ptarmigan.
  • Specific actions for the partridge (Perdix perdix): a practical guide about ways of managing the high pasture; actions to improve habitat; and population restoration activities in Navarra and the Basque country.
  • Specific actions for the hazel grouse (Bonasa bonasia): drafting of a reintroduction plan, and if conditions are met, the test may be made to reintroduce hazel grouse in the Aran Valley.

Expected results and prospects:
Actions of cable viewing and closing would impact positively on rates of mortality of mountain Galliformes, but should also have positive effects on other representatives of the birds (owls, raptors, passerines …). For ptarmigan: improving the efficiency of reproduction and try to slow down the loss of genetic diversity ptarmigan east of the chain. The methodology of translocation can be used for other species. Actions to improve habitat (capercaillie and partridge) will allow increasing the capacity of welcome from the fields and impact on demography.

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